Dr Latinka Perović

Belgrade, 2015

The Kingdom of Serbians,
Croatians and Slovenians
(1918–1929) / the Kingdom of
Yugoslavia (1929–1941):
Emergence, Duration and End







Between the two world wars, the historiography usually interpreted the constitution of the Yugoslav state as the achievement of centennial aspiration of the people of same or similar ethnic origin. After the WWII the historiography saw the 1918-41 Yugoslavia as a state of failed hopes eventually fulfilled in its renewal in 1945 – in a new form (republic) and in a new type (federation).









Dr Latinka Perović

The St. Vitus Day Constitution of June 29, 1921, Yugoslavia’s First Constitution: The Unitarian-Centralistic Concept Wins against the Concept for a Complex State





Case study 1


The St. Vitus Day Constitution, the supreme law of the newly established Yugoslav state, attracted much attention of its contemporaries. This is best illustrated by a number of constitutional drafts political, ethnic and religious opposition and outstanding individuals had put forward – in parallel with the governmental draft – all of which revealing the complexity of the then state.









Dr Latinka Perović

Croatian MPs assassinated in the People’s Assembly: June 20, 1928





Case study 2


The first decade in the life of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenians ended in bloodshed: on June 20, 1928 Radicals’ MP of the parliamentary majority Puriša Račić gunned down two MPs of the Croatian Peasant Party /HSS/ (Dr. Đuro Basariček and Pavle Radić), wounded two (Dr. Ivan Pernar and Josip Granđa), while the fifth, the party leader (Stjepan Radić) succumbed to his wounds a few days later.









Dr Latinka Perović

Separatism: A Reaction to the Dictatorship of January 6, 1929





Case study 3


The murder of political representatives of the Croatian people committed in the People’s Assembly on January 20, 1928 only deepened the ongoing crisis in the Kingdom of SHS and distrust among its constitutive nations, the distrust historian Milorad Ekmečić saw as worse than a war. The situation after the bloodshed in the parliament called for “a statesmanlike solution.” But who was there to find it?
















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With the assistance of the Federal Ministry of
Foreign Affairs of the FR of Germany






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